The Original Windchimes

twf028-ld__25647.jpg Wind chimes are made using a broad assortment of materials, from glass to wood, ceramics to metal, to bamboo and others. Most wind chimes have a ringer which falls in the middle, striking the rods when the wind captures it, creating musical tones. Varying in scale from smaller earrings and pendants to sizable bronze bells weighing in at hundreds of pounds, wind chimes come in a myriad of distinctive sizes.

Trendy modern wind chime designs include metal and bamboo tubes that are several feet high. They are installed both outside and indoors depending on what is desired.

Since the ’70s, wind chime manufacturers have been producing extremely sophisticated, musical chimes with precise tones that have become very popular today. Modern metal windchimes can now be found in tunable musical pitches. Hawaiian, Japanese, and Balinese-cultural influences can be found in some of these precision chime designs.

Rome’s First Water Transport Systems

Prior to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Rome, inhabitants who dwelled on hillsides had to journey further down to collect their water from natural sources. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people living at higher elevations turned to water removed from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. To offer water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they applied the emerging process of redirecting the motion from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. While these manholes were created to make it easier to manage the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to remove water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. The cistern he had made to gather rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water demands.

To provide himself with a more effective way to obtain water, he had one of the manholes exposed, providing him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Attractive Wall Water Features

A wall fountain can be an important design element in your home or workplace, enough so that it makes a good impression on your family and friends alike. Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its loveliness but also your ears with the soothing background sounds it creates. Visitors will walk away with a memorable impression of the delightful sights and comforting sounds eminating from it.

Wall elements are a good alternative if the space you occupy is more modern in appearance. Stainless steel or glass are two of the materials used to make modern-day types which add a stylish component to your decor. Is space limited in your home or place of work? A wall water fountain might be the best choice for you. They take up no room since they are hung on a wall. These kinds of fountains are particularly prevalent in bustling office buildings. Wall fountains are not constrained to indoor use, however. Exterior wall water features can be manufactured of fiberglass or resin. Spruce up your patio, courtyard, or other outdoor areas with a water fountain made of these weather-proof materials.

Wall fountains can be manufactured in a variety of different looks ranging from contemporary to classic and provincial. You can choose the best style based upon your individual style. The components used to decorate a mountain lodge are different from that needed to embellish a high-rise apartment, the former perhaps requiring slate and the latter better served with sleek glass. The material you select depends solely on your design ideas. Fountains are features which no doubt delight those who visit your home.

The Minoan Civilization: Garden Fountains

A variety of kinds of conduits have been discovered through archaeological digs on the island of Crete, the cradle of Minoan civilization. These provided water and extracted it, including water from waste and storms. They were for the most part built from clay or stone. Terracotta was selected for waterways and conduits, both rectangle-shaped and round. These included cone-like and U-shaped terracotta water lines that were unique to the Minoans. Knossos Palace had an state-of-the-art plumbing system made of clay piping which ran up to three meters below ground. The clay water lines were furthermore utilized for collecting and holding water. This required the clay piping to be capable of holding water without seepage. Below ground Water Transportation: This system’s invisible nature might mean that it was actually developed for some sort of ritual or to allocate water to restricted communities. Quality Water Transportation: Bearing in mind the indicators, several scholars suggest that these water lines were not connected to the prevalent water distribution process, offering the palace with water from a different source.

Archaic Greek Artistry: Outdoor Statuary

Up right up until the Archaic Greeks developed the 1st freestanding statuary, a remarkable achievement, carvings had primarily been completed in walls and pillars as reliefs. Younger, appealing male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures. The kouroi were seen by the Greeks to typify beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising rigidity to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and nude. In 650 BC, life-sized variations of the kouroi began to be seen. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they evolved into more polished forms of government and art, and gained more data about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. Wars like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are suggestive of the disruptive nature of the time period, which was similar to other periods of historical upset. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

When and Where Did Water Fountains Emerge?

Hundreds of classic Greek records were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to enhance the beauty of the city. Reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine, a ruined Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, began in 1453 at the behest of the Pope. Building a mostra, an imposing commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the entry point of an aqueduct, was a tradition revived by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space previously filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by the Pope. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Water Features
On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have unearthed conduits of different sorts. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. Many were created from clay or even stone. When made from clay, they... read more
Can Water Wall Fountains Help Purify The Air?
If what you are after is to breathe life into an otherwise dull ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the solution. Putting in this sort of indoor feature... read more
Use a Landscape Fountain To Help Boost Air Quality
If what you are after is to breathe life into an otherwise dull ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the answer. Installing this type of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general health. Science ... read more
The Elegance of Simple Garden Decor: The Wall Water Fountain
Any number of materials can be used to make garden wall fountains, but stone and metal are the most practical. The most appropriate material for your water feature depends entirely on the style you prefer. Garden... read more


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